I need help with earth science test please help?

Andrew Asked: I need help with earth science test please help?

1.Brittle deformation is generally seen in ____.(1 point)rocks with strong internal molecular bonds
gypsum and shale
rocks far below Earths surface
limestone and schist

2.The type of deformation in which the object permanently changes size and shape without fracturing is called ____.(1 point)brittle deformation
ductile deformation
elastic deformation
stress deformation

3.A fault in which the hanging wall moves down relative to the footwall is a ____.(1 point)normal fault
reverse fault
thrust fault
strike-slip fault

4.Orogenesis is a ____.(1 point)theory that explains the formation of strike-slip faults
type of faulting
general term for the processes that produce mountains
type of anticline

5.How are mountains classified?(1 point)by their age
by the dominant processes that formed them
by the type of faulting that occurred to form them
by the type of rocks that occur within them

6.Which of the following lists includes the major types of mountains?(1 point)folded, fault-block, volcanic
folded, tensional, compressional
downwarped, compressional, fault-block
none of the above

7.What type of stresses have the rocks undergone to form the structures in Figure 11-1?(1 point)shear stresses
compressional stresses
tensional stresses
none of the above

8.In Figure 11-1, what structure is labeled A?(1 point)graben
horst
syncline
basin

9.In Figure 11-1, what is the structure labeled B?(1 point)graben
horst
anticline
dome

10.An example of folded mountains can be seen in ____.(1 point)the Teton Range of Wyoming
the Alps in Europe
the Sierra Nevada of California
the Black Hills of South Dakota

11.The youngest rocks are found near the center of ____.(1 point)an upwarping known as a dome
a downwarping known as a basin
uplifted structures called horsts
fold-and-thrust mountain belts

12.If erosion stripped off the top of a dome, what would be found?(1 point)The oldest rocks are exposed in the center.
The youngest rocks are exposed in the center.
The oldest rocks are exposed along the edges of the dome.
The rocks in the center are the same age as those along the edges.

13.The collision and joining of crustal fragments to a continent is called continental ____.(1 point)subduction
isostasy
destruction
accretion

14.Which of the following mountain ranges was formed by a continental-continental convergent boundary?(1 point)the Andes Mountains
the Black Hills
the Himalayas
the Sierra Nevada

15.An accumulation of different sedimentary and metamorphic rocks combined with scraps of ocean crust is called a(n) ____.(1 point)dome
accretionary wedge
volcanic island arc
fault-block mountain

16.Which of the following is an example of mountains formed as a result of ocean-ocean convergence?(1 point)the Andes Mountains
the Himalayas
the Hawaiian Islands
the mountains of Japan

17.The removal of material by erosion will cause the crust to ____.(1 point)subduct
thicken
subside
rise

18.As erosion removes the tops of mountains, the crust will rise upwards. This is an example of ____.(1 point)normal faulting
mountain building due to uplift
isostatic adjustment
orogenesis

19.The thickest part of the crust occurs in ____.(1 point)older eroded mountain ranges
ocean basins
young mountain ranges
rift zones

Note: your teacher will grade your responses to questions 2021 to ensure you receive proper credit for your answers.
20.Briefly explain the difference between elastic deformation, ductile deformation, and brittle deformation.(3 points)

21.Briefly describe the relative movements and dominant stresses involved in the four major types of faults.(4 points)

Answers:

Despicable Me Answered:
Oh boy! A real test! Its been a while…Rocks, Elastic, Normal, Mountains, Age, FTC,*7-9 sorry no go without the pics, Black Hills I think, Basin, Oldest in center, Accretion, Himalayas, Wedge?, Japan, Rise, Orogenesis, Young.
Elastic is the ability for a material to bend under stress and not break (like an eraser). Ductile is the materials ability to be stretched and not break (like how copper wire is formed by pulling it through a small hole). Brittle is the point in which the stress on the material is too much to handle and breaks (like snapping your pencil, it'll break long before the eraser).
Normal-extentional Reverse-compressional Thrust-compressional Strike-Slip/Transform-Shear

I'm fairly certain on most of these, review your notes either way.



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